Time management refers to the technology of saving and efficient use of working and free time. This area has become so popular that today its most promising methods are trained by millions of employees of major corporations around the world. Time management involves analysis, modeling strategies, setting goals and objectives, setting priorities, implementing strategies and monitoring the achievement of goals.
The training of specialists usually involves the study of the following techniques:
But the most effective is considered self-management. It makes sense to learn key techniques, understand the principles of analysis, prioritization and strategy development, after which you can take the best (in your opinion) from them and implement it in your own concept. Special programs and applications for effective time management help you - we will talk about the best software later.
How to plan your day?
These techniques are developed by people who have actually proven their effectiveness and planning ability. Among them are Benjamin Franklin, Gleb of Arkhangelsk and Stephen Covey. Each of them explained to himself and to millions of other people how to learn how to plan his time. Here are 5 methods that are considered to be brilliant.
Benjamin Franklin's Technique
The story of Benjamin Franklin is truly unique: as the son of a simple soap maker, he was able to become a leading diplomat, politician, scientist and publicist, de facto participated in the creation of the Declaration of Independence, the US Constitution and the formation of the United States as a whole. It is his portrait that is on the $ 100 bill. The phrase “Time is money” is attributed to him.
From the age of 20, Benjamin Franklin created for himself a time management algorithm that he adhered to throughout his life. It is commonly called the productivity pyramid or the Franklin pyramid.
It is based on life values - principles (virtues), on which you are guided in achieving any goals. For himself, Benjamin identified 13 such values, among them were hard work, calmness, silence and justice. Franklin used a notebook in which 13 pages were set aside for life principles. He lined the diary, and every day celebrated victory or defeat on the path to spiritual perfection.
The remaining steps of the Franklin pyramid in decreasing order of importance:
Global goals are de facto life goals, the most significant tasks.
Master plans are strategies for achieving global goals.
Long-term plans - a set of goals for the next 3-4 years.
Short-term plans are goals that must be achieved within 1-12 months.
Daily and weekly planning.
In accordance with this scheme, you need to determine the principles and values that form the basis of your worldview, set a global goal and develop a strategy for achieving it. The method involves the use of long-term and short-term planning technologies - the easiest way to do this is with the help of special applications, but a regular notebook will do.
Technique Stephen Covey
Stephen Covey is one of the most popular time management trainers; his seminars and courses are in demand all over the world. He is the author of many thematic books, many of which are included in the ratings of the most significant literature for businessmen. Covey is considered a follower of Franklin, but he managed to develop his own, fundamentally new technique. The author described it in the book “7 Skills of Highly Effective People” - the technique of Stephen Covey is based on them.
What skills, according to Covey, are inherent in highly effective people:
Striving for interaction beneficial for both parties.
The ability to hear and the desire to be heard.
Clear presentation of the purpose of any action.
The ability to properly prioritize matters.
n addition, Covey suggests using a matrix of task allocation and proper prioritization. He divides the tasks into urgent and important, non-urgent and important, urgent and unimportant, non-urgent and unimportant. The last category should be deleted immediately, the first should be done first. At the same time, it is recommended to solve about 60% of important and urgent tasks per day, as well as about 40% of important and non-urgent tasks