Instant Solution to Fix SQL Server Database in Recovery Pending State

fix recovery pending state in SQL Server database


SQL Server Database States


If multiple core SQL Server files are in an inconsistent state, the SQL should be damaged or corrupted, and the database will be marked with a different state depending on the damage level.


1. Online

2. Suspect

3. Recovery Pending


Possible Reasons Behind SQL Server Database in Recovery Pending State

There are multiple reasons that cause SQL Server recovery pending status error. Some of them are listed below:

1. MDF File Corruption.

2. Corruption in the log file.

3. Start the server without time gaps.

4. Power failure.

5. Hardware failure.

6. Sudden shutdown of SQL Server.

7. Not enough memory.


User Query

Hey everyone. I have an SQL cluster that ran out of disk recently. I threw a lot more floppy disk into the SAN. However, one of the databases came back with Recovery Pending and has been over 24 hours. I tried to backup the database to no avail. I don't have a clean backup from the day it occurred, so a lot of work would be missing. I have not tried a dbcc check with REPAIR_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS as there seems to be a high risk of losing whatever was going on. Does anybody have an idea of how to bring database online from recovery pending in SQL Server 2012?

Methods to Fix SQL Server Database in Recovery Pending State

There are two manual methods you can use to resolve SQL Server recovery pending status. Before proceeding, make sure that you have a backup of the database.


Method 1: Mark Database in Emergency Mode and Start the Forceful Repair

1. Run the below-mentioned SQL queries to resolve recovery pending state in SQL Server database error:

ALTER DATABASE (Database Name) SET EMERGENCY;
GO
ALTER DATABASE (Database Name) set single_user
GO
DBCC CHECKDB ([Database Name], REPAIR_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS) WITH ALL_ERRORMSGS;
GO
ALTER DATABASE (Database Name) set multi_user
GO


2. The database is marked by READ_ONLY in emergency mode. Disable logging and only grant access to system administrators.


3. Once these steps are done, file corruption will be fixed and the database will automatically be back online.


Method 2: Mark Database in Emergency Mode, disconnect the main database and re-attach it


1. Execute the following queries to fix recovery pending in SQL Server error:

ALTER DATABASE (Database Name) SET EMERGENCY;
ALTER DATABASE (Database Name) set multi_user
EXEC sp_detach_ db ‘(Database Name)’
EXEC sp_attach_single_file_db @Database Name = ‘(Database Name)’, @physname = N’(mdf path)’

2. These commands will cause the server to remove the corrupted log and automatically create a new one.


Instant and Better Way to Fix SQL Server Database in Recovery Pending State


SysToolsSQL Recovery Tool to repair corrupt MDF files


Following these steps to repair corrupted and bring database online from recovery pending in SQL Server error:


https://youtu.be/_Dq4LWvtyzo

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

Conclusion

In this blog, we have discussed the best approaches on how to fix SQL Server Database in Recovery Pending State. The manual process is quite lengthy and requires in-depth technical knowledge. To simplify this task, we also suggested a better approach to repair corrupt MDF file and resolve recovery pending state in SQL Server Database error.

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