The Department of the Eastern Pyrenees is located in the south of the Languedoc-Roussillon region on the border with Spain. Its territory almost coincides with the former province of Roussillon. This department is also called French Catalonia or Northern Catalonia. Residents are called Pyrenees or Catalans. The capital of the department is Perpignan.
The eastern Pyrenees have a favorable tourist position: there are both sea and mountains. The climate is Mediterranean type with warm winters (snow in the lowlands is a rarity), it is hot in summer; There are 300 sunny days in a year. The department was created during the French Revolution in 1789.
Agreement in Corbeil defined the boundaries between the French and Aragonese kingdoms. The territory of the modern department was divided between the two states, residents spoke two related languages - Catalan and Occitan.
Economics Department of the Eastern Pyrenees
The economy of the department is traditionally based on agriculture: horticulture, gardening and viticulture dominate. Wine is produced here: sweet natural ones, 4 of which are prestigious by origin - Banyuls, Maury, Rivesaltes, Byrrh; and red wines, among which the most famous are in the Collioure appellation.
Since the mid 20th century, the tourism sector has been actively developing. On the coast, many beautiful beaches and resorts. Tourists are attracted by long beaches of fine sand, the Scarlet Coast, whose landscapes inspired the work of many artists; high plateau Cerdagne with sunny landscapes; Pyrenees and sacred for the Catalans peak Canigou; fortifications and beautiful villages, the architecture of which will please lovers of ancient stones.
Eastern Pyrenees Cuisine: What to Eat
Regional dishes - features of the Eastern Pyrenees:
-Ollada (ouillade) - meat and vegetables (cabbage, white beans and potatoes) stewed in a cast iron.
-Bullinada is a stew of fish in broth and usually with potatoes.
-Boles de picolat - meatballs with beans.
-Salpiquet de mongetes - white beans with sausage.
- Botifarres - pork sausages in a natural shell.
- Fuet - Cured Sausage.
-Crema catalana is a thick cream widely used by Catalan confectioners, similar to creme brulee.
-Rousquille - a pastry made of dough in white icing in the shape of a ring.
Interesting places: what to visit in the Eastern Pyrenees
Scarlet Beach (Côte Vermeille): a source of inspiration for many artists (Matisse, Picasso, Dufy and Durain), a place with a unique charm. Small beaches, rocky bays, fishing ports, and on top - the famous Banyuls vineyard. It is also interesting for diving and hiking enthusiasts.
At the foot of Corbières, this fortress is a jewel of Spanish military architecture. Built at the end of the 15th century. by order of the Catalan kings Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile to protect the borders from the French. It has a reputation as an impregnable fortress, in 1691 it was redone by the famous French military architect Vauban. Nowadays it is accessible for visiting and is included in the list of historical monuments protected by the state.
Monastery of Serrabo (le prieuré Serrabone): stands in the middle of an oak grove, built in the 11th century in a Romanesque style of pink marble. The monastery is surrounded by a botanical garden with Mediterranean plants.