All You Need To Know About Bone Cancer

Also known as primary bone cancer, bone cancer is a tumor that begins from the cells that build up the bones of the body. Primary bone tumors are tumors start in the bone tissue itself, they can either be benign or malignant. Bone cancer may begin in any bone in the body, but the pelvis or the long bones in the arms and legs are the most commonly affected areas. Bone cancer is rare as it contributes to less than 1 percent of all cancers. Noncancerous, benign bone tumors are much more common than cancerous ones. If you feel that you might have some issue in your bones, and that issue might be cancer, it is important for you to know all about bone cancer and its symptoms and treatment before panicking.


Types Of Bone Cancer


Different kind of bone cancers occurs in different age groups. Some can be seen in children whereas you might find some in adults.


Osteosarcoma


This is a commonly found type of bone cancer. This cancer can be commonly found in older children, teenagers, and young. It is more common in males. Chondrosarcoma is the second most common bone cancer. It is common in people older than 40 years of age, and less than 5% of these cancers occur in people under 20 years of age. Chondrosarcoma is usually found in the bones of the hips and pelvis.


Ewing Sarcoma


It is a hostile form of bone cancer that is usually found in children 4-15 years of age. It is more common in males than in females and is usually found in the portion of the long bones of the arms and legs.


Pleomorphic Sarcoma


It is also referred to as malignant fibrous histiocytoma or MFH. This type of cancer is the cancer of soft tissues. Nevertheless, they may arise in the bone in up to 5% of cases. It generally happens to adults and can be found anywhere in the body.


Fibrosarcoma


Fibrosarcoma is not so common. It usually arises behind the knee in adults.


Risk factors for bone cancers include the following:


●Previously done radiation therapy

●Previously done chemotherapy with drugs known as alkylating agents

●Mutation in a gene

●Conditions like hereditary retinoblastoma, Paget's disease of bone, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, and Diamond-Blackfan anemia

●Metal implant for a fracture


Symptoms


People with bone cancer may encounter the following symptoms or signs. It is also possible that they may not have any of these changes. Or, that the cause of a symptom may not be cancer:-


●Pain in Bone

●Swelling and tenderness near the affected area

●Weakness in bone

●fracture

●Fatigue

●Unintended weight loss

●Joint swelling and stiffness

●Limping

●Other less common symptoms may include fever, generally feeling unwell, and anemia


Methods of Diagnosis


●Imaging tests

●Bone scan

●Computerized tomography (CT)

●Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

●Positron emission tomography (PET)

●X-ray


Treatment


●Surgery

●Chemotherapy

●Radiation therapy


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