City of God

City of God

City of God

Global City

City of God

Lack of Government and Public Housing, Urban Slum and Physical Environment

The next aspects are a lack of government and public housing combined with the urban slum and physical environment. From the film, the informal settlement seems to be densely populated. In the developing nations, there is a high level of rural to urban migration, as there is the perception of more opportunities in the cities than in villages. Most of those people who were migrating from the rural areas to the city are the poor having little resources for accessing the city’s neighborhoods and thus, they face an issue with housing. This results in the proliferation of informal settlements (favelas). To counter the massive migration from the rural areas to Rio de Janeiro and the resultant housing crises, the Brazilian government established the Greater Rio Metropolitan Area Authority trying to regulate the proliferation of the favelas by moving people from slums to government housing. This failed to address the reasons behind the proliferation of the favelas, and they continued to grow to an extent that neither the city administration nor the Brazilian government could handle. This indicated that the administration could no longer provide basic facilities like water and sewerage facilities along with crash of public housing scheme.

City of God

Urban Crime, Youth Gangs and Importance of Education

Rio de Janeiro, which is the film's setting, is one of the most violent cities in the world with one of the highest murder rates per 100,000 people. Zukin suggests that the interaction of people in the public space results in violent crimes. This is a consequence of the existence of urban youth gangs. This is particularly true in the favelas such as the City of God. In the film where the main character Rocket lives, criminal gangs are a gibber threat than the non-existent law enforcement. Due to socialization, a significant number of the young people in the city are encouraged to join criminals as the gags provide their only learning opportunity with the lack of formal schools. This not only breeds corruption but also produces a sense of hopelessness in the situation of the young people in the city. Consequently, such a situation forces a large number of the people in unplanned neighborhoods to attempt crimes such as robbery and drug peddling to cater for their daily needs. To do this, they join urban gangs such as the one ran by Lil Ze.

The informal settlements tend to be sealed from outside influence. As such, as criminal activists become dominant. As summarized by the character Rocket, if drug peddling were legal, the Lil Ze would be the person of the year. The rest of the population shares this apparent admiration as they do not condemn Lil Ze for killing his opponents but are either resigned or think that he is a shrewd business person. This is the situation in most of the crime-ridden unplanned neighborhoods. With the lack of education and moral and social realities having blurred value system in slums, there is a little chance of escaping from the corruption and disorderly conduct.

Social Networks and Economic Mobility

City of God

Furthermore, the crime in informal settlements restricts the interaction between the residents and the rest of the population in the city. This means that the others are unable to invest in the informal settlements as among other things, the potential investors are not sure if their contributions will be safe. This creates a cycle where to escape the abject poverty in the unplanned settlements, a person has to engage in crime like drug peddling as this seems to be the only determinant of social and economic progress. In the film, this is apparent while Rocket is the only person among the characters who manages to escape from the crime and depravity to pursue his photography talent which only happens by coincidence rather than a well-executed plan showing the enormity of escaping the poverty and crime in those settles.

City of God’sCity of God

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I'm an online marketing consultant, freelance writer, blogger and social media enthusiast who enjoys photography, tennis, and hiking. I'm a series movie lover and my dream is to write a good text for a fantasy film. My motto is: believe in your dreams and follow them. But who knows where my dreams lead me in the future.
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