Diazepam is commonly sold under the brand name Valium globally. It belongs to the family of benzodiazepines (which helps provide soothing effect to the brain and body) and do have a sedative effect thus helping in producing sleep. This medicine is generally used for the treatment of various mental illnesses like anxiety disorders etc., muscle spasms, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and epilepsy. It is also used along with other medications for the treatment of acute recurrent seizures. It is approved by FDA (food and drug administration) for treatment of various mental disorders and motor neuron disorders.
Diazepam can be administered orally, rectal gel, and through injections by intravenously (IV), and intramuscularly(IM). When the dose is administered orally it takes 40-60 minutes to starting it working in the body. If it is administered intravenously, it generally starts acting in 3-5 minutes. The effect of diazepam generally lasts more than 12 hours. Dosage of diazepam generally depends on the type of diseases that are as follows:
For the treatment of anxiety disorders
The minimum dose administered to a person is 2 mg 3-4 times per day and the maximum dosage of diazepam which is administered 10 mg per day.
For muscles spasms
The dosage which is generally recommended is 2-10 mg 3-4 times per day to a person.
For recurrent seizures
The recommended dosage is 2-10 mg per day. It is generally taken orally. And if used as the form of rectal gel then the dosage is 0.2mg/kg per 5 days and usually repeated in 4-12 hours whenever needed.
For treating epilepsy
It is administered intravenously. The dosage range lies between 0.15-0.20 mg/kg per dose. It should not be exceeded more than 10mg per single dose. It can also be administered through rectal and the dosage is 0.2-0.5 mg/kg per time. And the dosage should not be more than 20mg per dose.
It can have various side effects that are as follows:
withdrawal symptoms, etc.
If these persist for a long time one should seek medical help.
Precautions while taking diazepam
Overdosage and misuse of the medicine should be avoided. And when you buy diazepam online one must check the dosage as it should not exceed than recommended.
If the elder person has any past history of respiratory depression, sleep apnea, liver problems, etc. then he or she should take proper medical guidance as the results can be fatal.
Pregnant women should not take this medication as it can be fatal and should also be avoided while nursing as it can affect the health of the newborn.
Thus various research has been carried out on the drugs and several drugs are available in the market. Diazepam fits this category as it helps in and promising effects have been seen in the patients having anxiety and other medical problems discussed above. It is the most frequently prescribed drug.