Otoplasty surgery is a procedure to improve the appearance of the ear. The most common procedure is to move very large or prominent ears closer to the head. If you have misshaped or protruding ears or you have a child who does, otoplasty may be for you. Currently, there are several ways the ear can be reshaped. One involves cutting out the cartilage (the main structural component) of the ear. Another involves folding and stitching that cartilage instead of cutting it away. In an otoplasty, the surgeon often sets the ear back slightly more than the desired final result because a small amount of rebound will occur. The artistry of this operation includes not only creating a beautiful ear but correctly predicting how much bounce-back will occur.