In many cases, low back pain is linked to degenerative spinal disease, a way to refer to aging of the spinal bone losing its normal structure and function over time, often occurring in the joints. , the disc and spine as you age. Some examples of mechanical causes of lower back pain include:
Degenerative disc disease is when the components of the disc degenerate, creating abnormal movements of the ligament structures, joints, the bone surface of the vertebra ... causing lumbar pain. This is the most common and most recently studied of the causes of low back pain. A hernia or rupture of a disc can occur when the discs are compressed and swollen or rupture, causing low back pain.
Nerve root pathology is a condition caused by compression, inflammation and / or damage to the nerve roots in the spine. Pressure on the nerve root leads to pain, numbness, or tingling sensation that moves or spreads to other areas of the body along the nerve's own path. Nerve roots can occur with spinal stenosis or disc herniation or rupture of a disc that compresses the nerve root.
The sciatic nerve is the longest and largest nerve in the body, running from the lower back, through the pelvis, to the buttocks and down to the legs. When the sciatic nerve is pinched, causing pain running along the sciatica, usually occurring on one side of the body, affecting all or part of the hips, buttocks, thighs, calves, feet should be called sciatica.