Fitness technologies have significantly transformed the world of fitness. The major change has been the shift from traditional training to electrically stimulated therapy applications. Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) and transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) are examples of modern therapy applications used to exercise muscles and relieve pain in the current fitness world. Although most people consider the two to be the same because they both use electrical current to cause muscles to respond, they are different. While TENS serves a pain-relieving function, EMS supports muscle stimulation and growth.
EMS is a contemporary training technique that conditions and strengthens muscles. Although the history of electrical stimulation dates back to ancient Egypt, recent years have witnessed immense growth in the global popularity of this technique. EMS is a safe and useful technological application. Scientists have proven that EMS training is safe when applied correctly. Nevertheless, there is a need to clarify that this technique does not work overnight. It requires the same daily or bi weekly requirement that weightlifting does. However, this technique offers a similar outcome within a shorter period when used correctly. EMS also provides a promising alternative to conventional strength training and enhances motor abilities among athletes.
EMS involves the stimulation of muscles to strengthen them and help them develop. EMS treatments and devices enhance overall fitness performance, promote blood flow, and enhance endurance when used consistently. During treatment at the gym, the brain sends electrical signals to the muscles informing them to lift a heavy item, resulting in muscle contraction. Body EMS training also elicits muscle contraction through electric impulses. Since the body cannot differentiate between a voluntary and electrical contraction, it identifies the electrically stimulated contraction and responds accordingly.
Previously, EMS consisted of control boxes, sticky disposable electro pads, battery supply, and wires. These devices were bulky, had limited uses, difficult to transfer from one place to another, and produced unpleasant stimulation effects. They were also unsafe since the likelihood of getting shocked was high, especially when the wires disconnected from electrodes. Designers continue to improve this technology to enhance its efficiency and safety. Modern devices, such as EMS training suits, stimulate all major muscles either sequentially or simultaneously. This aspect contributes to health promotion, physical fitness, and aesthetic enhancement.
EMS is useful because it improves muscle performance, strengthens muscles, enhances muscle growth, relaxes muscles, increases local blood circulation, reduces muscle soreness, prevents muscle atrophy, and tones muscles. It is paired with training routines to promote fitness performance and enhance recovery during and after workouts. EMS devices stimulate motor neurons at the comfort of one’s home. The stimulation can be fast with long pauses, frequent, or held for several seconds. Traditional training involves firing muscles by sending electrical impulses from the brain through the central nervous system (CNS). On the other hand, EMS involves the contraction of muscles without activating the CNS. Unlike traditional training that failed to activate all muscles because of the disconnect between the brain and the muscles, EMS engages all major muscles and promotes motoric nerve connections. EMS activates even weakly connected muscles since it sends impulses to motoric nerves directly. Furthermore, most EMS devices can be used anywhere, both indoors and outdoors, since they are light and wearable.