A tracking system, also called a geographical locating system, is an electronically-mechanical system used for the observation of objects or people on the move and providing a timely, ordered sequence of geographical location data to processing computers for further analysis. The system is extremely beneficial for businesses that require detailed maps of locations. It can identify millions of discrete points on the map, including street addresses, individual names and telephone numbers, and store these details in a central database. Businesses may use the system to generate sales leads, manage inventory and spending, and identify employees. GPS devices can locate personnel and deliver location-based services, such as locating a person who has become lost, or delivering packages to remote customers.
There are three primary components of a fully integrated GPS tracking system: the transmission of location information to the centralized computer database, the ability of the receiver to communicate wirelessly with the database, and the ability of the receiver to retrieve location information from the database. Location information can be transmitted via a cellular transmitter to a laptop computer, or a hand-held device to a remote location. The system can also send location information by satellite or through a land-based network using radio frequencies. The majority of tracking devices are compatible with numerous operating systems, including Windows 2000, Linux, and SunOS. A tracking system is capable of processing considerable amounts of data at the same time.
Vehicle tracking systems are used for a number of purposes, such as locating trucks going out of the warehouse in a single trucking incident, locating an individual vehicle in an accident, tracking deliveries made and exact times that the deliveries were made. Many companies use vehicle tracking systems to monitor their fleet of trucks and other delivery vehicles. Some vehicle tracking systems are capable of alerting management personnel to problems such as runaway trucks, delivery vehicles not making pickups, and pick-ups not taking place. Other uses include locating trucks going out of the warehouse so that they are easily spotted, tracking personnel activities within a company, and finding deliveries that have gone missing. Some tracking systems can even locate a vehicle involved in an accident and contact its drivers.
The three main components make up a GPS tracking system: the transmitter, which transmit the location information; the receiver, which analyze the data and allow the transmission to be controlled; and the software, which allow the driver to program custom software applications. Vehicle tracking software also offers the ability to monitor and control the programs. Most systems allow for data to be downloaded and uploaded to handheld devices such as computers and cell phones.
Vehicle tracking makes it possible to provide improved fleet maintenance scheduling by enabling a company to locate out-of-the-way vehicles quickly and easily. By using this method, a company can monitor work orders and preventive maintenance and optimize employee efficiency by eliminating missed days off from work. GPS fleet maintenance scheduling and inventory tracking make it possible to implement work order management and real-time inventory management, which are essential for supply chain management and customer service. These key features of vehicle tracking have made it an invaluable tool for many businesses. By monitoring vehicle locations at specified times of the day, when an individual or group of employees are away from their work stations, companies are able to maximize productivity and reduce waste.