Why hasn't additional analysis been done? One reason is that the U.S. Drug social control Administration (DEA) considers marijuana a Schedule I drug, identical as opiate, LSD, and ecstasy, and certain to be abused and lacking in medical worth. attributable to that, researchers would like a special license to check it, says Marcel Bonn-Miller, PhD, a habit specialist at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman college of medication.
That may not amendment anytime before long. The law enforcement agency thought-about reclassifying marijuana as a Schedule II drug like stimulant drug or oxycodone, however determined ito keep it as a Schedule I drug.
The agency did, however, conform to support extra analysis on marijuana and create the method easier for researchers."Research is critically required, as a result of we've to be ready to advise patients and doctors on the safe and effective use of cannabis," Bonn-Miller says.
He shared some background on medical marijuana's uses and potential facet effects.
What is medical marijuana?
Medical marijuana uses the marijuana plant or chemicals in it to treat diseases or conditions. It's primarily identical product as recreational marijuana, however it's taken for medical functions.
The marijuana plant contains quite a hundred completely different chemicals referred to as cannabinoids. every one features a completely different result on the body. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) square measure the most chemicals employed in medication. tetrahydrocannabinol conjointly produces the "high" folks feel once they smoke marijuana or eat foods containing it.
But it’s not nonetheless well-tried to assist several of those conditions, with some exceptions, Bonn-Miller says.
"The greatest quantity of proof for the therapeutic effects of cannabis relate to its ability to cut back chronic pain, nausea and reflex because of therapy, and jerkiness [tight or stiff muscles] from MS," Bonn-Miller says.
How will it help?
Cannabinoids -- the active chemicals in medical marijuana -- square measure the same as chemicals the body makes that square measure concerned in appetency, memory, movement, and pain.
Limited analysis suggests cannabinoids might:
Reduce inflammation and relieve pain
Control nausea and reflex caused by cancer therapy
Kill cancer cells and slow growth growth
Relax tight muscles in folks with MS
Stimulate appetency and improve weight gain in folks with cancer and AIDS
Can medical marijuana facilitate with seizure disorders?
Medical marijuana received tons of attention some years agone once folks same that a special sort of the drug helped management seizures in their kids. The Food and Drug Administration recently approved Epidiolex, that is formed from CBD, as a medical care for folks with terribly severe or hard-to-treat seizures. In studies, some folks had a dramatic visit seizures when taking this drug.