Motivation can be defined as an emotion that motivates an individual to take action. Motivation is what guides an animal or person to follow, continue or stop a specific action at a given time. It is an important concept because it is a key factor in determining an individual's success or failure in any endeavor. Motivational states are most commonly perceived as natural forces acting on an agent that develop a positive disposition to engage further in goal-oriented activity. The goal of this article is to discuss the types of motivational states and how they can be applied in your business or organization to maximize productivity and improve overall organizational performance.
Motivational state can be broken down into five basic types which are intrinsic motivation, external motivation, internal motivation, intrinsic skills and competence motivation. Intrinsic motivation is considered to be a basic emotion or motivation that arises from a person's core values. On the other hand, extrinsic motivation refers to the stimulus to move towards a specific goal. Some of the common sources of extrinsic motivation include money, recognition, power, recognition, fame or recognition, affiliation with a group of people. Intrinsic skills motivation is one of the five main types of motivation; such skills could be knowledge, experience, skills, or wisdom.
There are many people who believe that the only way to improve organizational performance is through rigid process and goal setting. However, there is another popular belief which is more productive and viable. Human behavior is the primary driver of an organization's performance. This type of motivation is what drives the employees to work in a disciplined and dedicated manner. It is also what inspires them to continuously strive for greater heights. When a person has intrinsic motivation, it may take some time to see results but eventually these rewards become stronger and a person becomes aware of his capabilities and potentials.
Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, comes from outside sources. It is rewarded in terms of cash, recognition, power, recognition, fame or recognition, affiliation and popularity. This type of motivation is not as easily learned as intrinsic motivation and usually requires strong will and determination to make it succeed.
It is important to realize that we do not select our motivators or the type of motivation we receive. As children, we receive both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation depending on how we perceive rewards or consequences. Children with parents who constantly praise and motivate them to do well academically, while those receiving little attention receive little motivation and perform poorly at school. Understanding motivation is necessary if we are to raise successful children and adults who are able to attain their goals. Motivation includes the ability to choose an appropriate reward for a person's performance and to be able to recognize and verify whether the person's efforts are progressing.