What Causes Wrinkles And 8 Effective Ways To Get Rid Of Them

We are all aware that ageing is unavoidable, and that wrinkles are natural. However, if you are one of the many people who are concerned about the formation of deep wrinkles, there are several options available to you.


What exactly are wrinkles?


Wrinkles are creases in your skin caused by a variety of factors such as ageing or sun damage.


Wrinkles are a natural part of the ageing process and appear when the skin's elasticity deteriorates. They frequently appear on areas of skin that are exposed to the sun the most, such as the face and neck, as well as the backs of the hands.


What Causes Wrinkles to Form?


Our skin naturally loses elasticity and becomes drier as we age, making it more difficult to protect against damage. Add to that the fat loss that occurs as we age, and facial wrinkles become more prominent.


Repetitive facial movements like smiling, frowning, and squinting can cause wrinkles in our skin. Lip lines, glabellar lines (or "elevens"), and laugh lines are examples of these.


Our way of life can also have an impact on the development of wrinkles. Smoking and excessive drinking have a direct impact on our bodies, including our skin. Smoking has been shown to hasten the ageing process, and drinking dehydrates the skin, resulting in more pronounced wrinkles. A life spent in the sun will also do you no favours, as the sun's rays break down the collagen and elastin in the skin's deeper layers. If you can't avoid being exposed to the sun's rays, make sure you're wearing sunscreen every day (we mean it).


It's never too late to make healthier choices for your skin. But if you have a few deep wrinkles that bother you, here's how to deal with them.


Retinoids


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Retinoids should be used as follows:


Retinoids are all-around crowd pleasers, but there is one catch: they are extremely potent, which means they can cause irritation, dryness, redness, and flaking when used incorrectly. It is critical to gradually introduce retinoids into your skin, which means using it only two to three times per week. Add another day of usage after a few weeks, and so on, until you reach daily use (if your skin can handle it). You could also try buffering, which involves combining your retinoid with a moisturiser to dilute its potency. Always apply retinoids at night, followed by a good moisturiser. If you use a retinoid, you must wear sunscreen because retinoids make your skin more sun sensitive.


Please be patient:


It can take six months to a year to see significant results from retinoid use. If you've been using a retinoid for a few months and haven't seen any results, keep trying. If you haven't seen any results after a year, talk to your dermatologist about increasing your dosage.


Vitamin C


Another anti-aging powerhouse, vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that neutralises free radicals and increases collagen production, which reduces the appearance of wrinkles. As an added bonus, vitamin C protects the skin from sun damage, which causes fine lines and deep wrinkles. It also helps with hyperpigmentation, acne scarring, dullness, and enlarged pores. When combined with a good sunscreen, your skin will be prepared to fight premature ageing.


Here's how to work vitamin C into your daily routine:


When it comes to vitamin C, you'll want to look for a high-concentration serum to get the most out of the ingredient. Look for ascorbic acid products with a concentration of around 15%, which is the percentage at which it is most effective. To prevent oxidation, store it in an opaque or dark glass bottle. Apply your vitamin C serum to clean, dry skin before continuing with your skincare routine. Begin slowly with this ingredient as well, gradually increasing your usage as your skin develops tolerance. When using active ingredients such as vitamin C, always wear sunscreen.


Chemical Peels


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Chemical peels for deep wrinkles include the following:


Alpha Beta Plus 20 Solution

This peel is ideal for those who have fine lines and deep wrinkles. It removes the top layer of skin to reveal smooth, healthy skin beneath. The Micropeel Plus 20 Solution contains 20% salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and alcohol, all of which penetrate and exfoliate the epidermis and upper dermal layers. It also addresses uneven skin tone, acne and acne scarring, as well as dullness.


The Ideal Derma Peel

To remove the top layers of skin, the Ideal Derma Peel combines the powerful antioxidant Glutathione with acids such as TCA, retinoic acid, salicylic acid, and kojic acid. As a result, the skin is smoother and brighter, with fewer visible fine lines and wrinkles.


Botox

When it comes to wrinkles, most of us consider Botox to be a first-line treatment as well as a preventative measure. Botox is a toxin derived from botulinum toxin that, when injected into a muscle, prevents it from contracting. This, in turn, softens and smoothes wrinkles and creases.


However, Botox does not work for all wrinkles...

Botox is an excellent treatment for dynamic wrinkles, or wrinkles caused by repetitive muscle movements such as smiling, frowning, or squinting. Botox can be used to treat crow's feet, forehead lines, smile lines, and other wrinkles. Static wrinkles, on the other hand, are caused by sun damage, smoking, and the skin's general loss of collagen and elasticity. Botox will have little effect on these types of wrinkles.


What is it like to have Botox injections?

The procedure is straightforward: the Botox provider will inject Botox into a specific muscle with a needle. Some practitioners will use topical anaesthesia before injecting Botox. It should only take a few minutes and cause little discomfort.


Who is eligible for Botox?

Botox can be used by anyone who is bothered by the appearance of dynamic wrinkles. There is no "right age" to begin receiving Botox. Botox can also be used as a preventative measure to keep wrinkles from forming in the first place.


What are the negative consequences?

Botox injections are generally considered safe. They do, however, carry risks, just like anything else. Mild side effects include injection site pain or bruising, droopy eyelids, a crooked smile, drooling, headache, or flu-like symptoms.


Dermal Fillers


Dermal fillers are gel-like substances that are injected into wrinkled skin to smooth them out. Dermal fillers are excellent for wrinkles caused by volume loss in the face. They can plump up the face and restore lost volume for a more youthful appearance. Dermal fillers, unlike Botox, can be used to smooth out static wrinkles caused by collagen, elasticity, and fat loss, as well as gravity and sun damage.


Dermal fillers are classified as follows:


Hyaluronic Acid:


Calcium Hydroxylapatite:


Poly-L-Lactic Acid:


Polymethylmethacrylate:


However, hyaluronic acid fillers are the most popular because they are suitable for all skin types, provide immediate results, and are easily reversed. If a patient is dissatisfied with their hyaluronic acid filler, it can be removed with a hyaluronidase injection.


Microneedling


Microneedling, also known as collagen induction therapy, is a skin-pricking procedure that employs the use of small needles. This stimulates collagen production, which reduces the appearance of wrinkles and improves the overall texture of the skin. Acne scarring, hyperpigmentation, rough skin, and enlarged pores can all be treated with microneedling.


What you can expect from a microneedling procedure:

The skin will be numbed with a topical anaesthetic. The skin will then be micro-punctured with a tool tipped with small needles, causing the body to produce more collagen and elastin. Your skin may bleed slightly at this point. The skin may then be treated with a serum.


Is it possible to perform microneedling at home?

You may have noticed an increase in the popularity of do-it-yourself microneedling devices. What is our recommendation? They should not be used. They are not only less effective, but they may also harm or infect your skin. Microneedling is best left to professionals for the best (and safest) results.


Fraxel Laser


Fraxel is a microscopic laser that penetrates the skin to increase collagen and elastin production. It is a popular treatment for fine lines and wrinkles. Sun damage, hyperpigmentation, and acne scarring are also treated with Fraxel. Fraxel works by inducing micro-injuries in the skin that stimulate collagen and elastin growth.


Is there any downtime associated with Fraxel Laser Treatment?

One of the main reasons Fraxel is so popular is that it requires very little downtime. Expect a week's worth of downtime (more or less). Your skin will first become red and swollen before flaking and peeling. It's critical not to pick and pull at the flakes, or you'll scar your skin.


However, don't expect immediate results...

For deep wrinkles, you may be disappointed to learn that three to five sessions, spaced four weeks apart, are required to completely target them. Fraxel is also not cheap, with sessions costing around $1500.


Radiofrequency Skin Tightening


Radiofrequency treatments heat the dermis with low-energy radiation, stimulating collagen and elastin production and reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging skin. Because radiofrequency only targets the dermis and does not damage the top layer, there is no downtime following the procedure, though the skin may be slightly red. Your skin will begin to produce new collagen after the treatment, resulting in firmer, tighter skin.


Venus Freeze Plus

skin tightening treatment in Mumbai


Prevention is essential.


Sun damage, also known as photoaging, is one of the leading causes of premature ageing, resulting in fine lines and deep wrinkles. While you can't stop ageing, you can slow it down by avoiding sun damage.


It is never too late to begin incorporating an SPF into your skincare routine. Even the most expensive and effective treatments will be ineffective if you do not protect your skin with sunscreen. Most of the above-mentioned treatments make the skin more sensitive to the sun, making it even more important to protect your skin from the sun's rays. Make sure you're using a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, and that you're applying about half a teaspoon of sunscreen to your face every day, rain or shine. Your skin (and future self) will be grateful.

Dr Niketa Sonavane is a Celebrity Dermatologist and founder of Ambrosia Aesthetics, Mumbai. She is considered as one of the best dermatologist in Mumbai.
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