There are a lot of interesting things about genes. You can sound just like your mom. Inquisitive eyebrow-raise: You can do the same thing as your dad and raise your eyebrow. My grandmother used to have strong hands. Or the blue eyes of your grandfather. Everything that makes you who you are comes from your genes.
But, what about acne, do we have to worry about that? Are the breakouts that bother you because of all the pizza you ate, or because you owe your papa a lot of thanks? The acne-prone skin your parents had does not mean you will have it as well. Is that the case? If so, what can you do?
We look into whether or not acne is passed down in families and what you can do to get rid of it.
There are many different types of acne. What is Acne?
Just because you've had a few pesky pimples doesn't mean you know what they are.
When sebum, or oil, is made by glands in the skin called sebaceous glands, the oil drains out of the glands through pores. As the body gets rid of old skin cells, these pores get filled with them.
The oil and cells that are supposed to slide out smoothly sometimes don't, which leads to a chain of bad things. This is because things don't always go as planned.
The cells and oil first clump together, get stuck, and cause the follicle to become clogged up.
The bacteria that live on your skin start to mix with the oil and sebum in the plugged follicle, which causes it to become inflamed. At this point, you might start to see swelling and redness, and you might also feel some heat and maybe even some pain.
We're almost done. Finally, the wall of the clogged follicle breaks down. As soon as the hair follicle is cut open, all of the skin cells, oil, and bacteria that were inside it spill out. There you go! You have a spot on your face.
It has to do with acne and genes.
Almost everyone knows that acne is a common skin condition, especially in teenagers. Almost anyone can get acne at any time, but it's more common in people who are younger. When there is a history of acne in the family, breakouts may start earlier and be more bad.
Is this because of genetic factors, or is there something else going on that is making this happen? To help figure out the answer to this question, there have been a lot of studies that used twins as subjects, like this one.
Genetic research in the UK looked at 458 pairs of monozygotic twins and 1099 pairs of dizygotic twins – all of them female, with a mean age of 46.
That study used genetic modelling to figure out that 81 percent of the variance in the disease can be traced back to heredity. The rest of the 19 percent came from a variety of factors in the environment.
This study and other studies have shown that acne is very likely to be passed down from one generation to the next. This means that it runs in families, like great aunt Jackie's red hair. However, scientists are still trying to figure out which genes cause acne, and they don't know yet.
Also, a lot of research has been done to learn more about genetic susceptibility and find the genetic variants that may cause acne vulgaris.
People who have acne can learn more about these things to help them figure out how to treat it, especially if they want to use therapeutic skin care regimens that focus on controlling inflammation and bacterial growth.
Genetics isn't the only thing that causes acne.
That's correct. There may be genetic factors that play a role in the development of acne, but they aren't all of the factors that cause it. There are a lot of things that can cause your skin to break out, from painful cystic acne to small blackheads and ugly whiteheads.
A person's level of hormones
During puberty, androgens, which are male sex hormones, rise in both men and women. This makes the body produce more sebum, which may cause acne.
While hormones play a role in teen acne, it doesn't mean that you're done with puberty and you're free of acne. Especially for women, adults get acne caused by hormones.
Factors in the environment
People who have acne vulgaris may also have a genetic predisposition, but environmental factors may also play a role. This is what the twin study said.
These "environmental factors" are things like pollution, medication, nutrition, occupational factors, and lifestyle or mental factors.
As an example, studies have shown that dairy products might make people get acne.
Medicines like hormone treatments and steroids can also cause acne to get worse.
Cosmetics, tight-fitting helmets, air-pollutants like cigarette smoke, and stress are all more examples of things in the environment that can make your skin break out.
What can you do about acne?
In order to say "good-bye" to acne, there are a lot of ways to get rid of the problem.
Gels, lotions, creams, and saturated pads are all examples of topical medications that can be used on the skin to treat acne. These medications can be applied to the skin and can help with acne.
Benzoyl peroxide, which kills bacteria, resorcinol, salicylic acid, and sulphur are some of the options. They all work together to break down whiteheads and blackheads, so they're all good options. As well as retinoids, which help reduce inflammation and keep scars from forming, as well
Oral Medications: Your doctor can give you an oral antibiotic to help slow the growth of bacteria and lessen the inflammation.
If oral or topical medications don't work, there are other treatments, like laser therapy, chemical peels, and even surgery, that can help.
The process of coming to terms with your genes and acne.
A lot of people blame Mom and Dad for everything, but you can only partly blame them for your acne. People with acne tend to get it, so it's very likely that you will get it, too.
After genetics, other factors like hormones and the environment – like nutrition, medications or pollution – also play a role in getting acne on your skin.
If you have acne, there are many ways to get rid of it, from oral and topical medications to laser treatments and chemical peels.