Does oral health impact on teen's puberty?

Puberty is a difficult time that brings so many adolescent changes in boys and girls. The stage of puberty starts when our child reaches a double-digit. In boys, it starts from the age of 11-12 whereas in girls it starts from 10-11. Moreover, it takes 5-6 years to complete its stage, during which time the reproductive organs and hormones come to sexual maturity. Along with these general changes, their dental health also changes. One spot where evolutions happen and go overlooked is the mouth. You should be aware of some possible dental issues you may have to meet associated with these shifts on the way to adulthood. Let us look at how puberty impacts the oral health of a teen.

Puberty Gingivitis - Effect of hormone production

One of the main internal changes in puberty is the increasing production of hormones like estrogen and testosterone. When the body produces these hormones, the blood flow increases, and sometimes it leads to extra blood in the gums. Additional flows in the gum lead to swelling and are prone to bleeding. This state is known as puberty gingivitis. Proper brushing and flossing will help for a level; take a dental examination if it worsens because gingivitis is transformed into periodontitis. Periodontitis is a severe gum disease leading to teeth loss and oral distress. A teen should not neglect the bulge of gums.

Mainly, a girl can experience increased dental issues as their bodies begin to shit. Many women continue to experience menstruation gingivitis just before their menstrual periods start. Symptoms like red, swollen gums, with or without bleeding, and mouth sores. Usually, it disappears when the period begins, and lack of proper health care worsens these symptoms.

Cavities And Hormone changes

Cavities are permanently damaged areas on our teeth' hard surfaces and develop small openings or holes. It is also called tooth decay and is caused by different factors such as bacteria in your mouth, recurring snacking, consuming sugary sips, and not caring for your teeth hygienically.

Microbial growth in the mouth is also a big chance for cavities in puberty. During puberty, an increasing change in the hormone can change the mouth's chemistry and may cause the growth of bacteria over the teeth. Fails to proper dental care, the bacteria can eat away the enamel and make the tooth more prone to a cavity. To reduce the growth of micro bacteria, you may be suggested to brush your teeth after every meal, always have a tongue scraper and floss with you, and an antibacterial mouth wash also helps reduce the growth. A teen is not cautious about the food and everything toxic to their oral system's health.

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The habits of a teenager that affects the oral system

Diverse social aspects that impact oral fitness are social group, education, individual hygiene and health practices. Establishing and maintaining personal oral health is education and motivation for oral hygiene. The studies have indicated a correlation between oral routines in childhood and the latest oral-dental pathology. The period of adolescents is a time of absolute changes in terms of the biological and neurocognitive outcomes of the individual. Sleeping habits are one of the visible changes. Teenagers may sleep in longer and stay up later. The changes in the routine could lead to poor oral health conditions. Uncontrolled snack consumption and beverages are damaging to the teeth. The acids found in most drinks may damage the enamel and tend to the cavity. The usage of cigarettes is also not good for the healthy life of teeth.


Adopting proper oral hygiene habits is a long, persisting, and challenging. Adolescents are often oblivious of the association between the risks of the happening of oral pathology and their behaviour. To improve the oral habits necessary to underline ongoing instruction about oral hygiene habits during their secondary education. Methodical education of adolescents would improve personal oral habits and attitudes and thereby reduce dental-oral pathology. Parents should also take initiatives to mitigate the emergencies during the puberty stage.

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