The study also found a low rate of diagnosis in obese children, and few studies have analyzed SAHS in this population. Further research is needed to determine the causes and effects of this condition in children.
Researchers assessed respiratory events during sleep in 19 children, with six children with a mild case of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and three with a moderate case. The study also found that the prevalence of OSA and its associated risk factors for cardiovascular disease were similar among groups of children of different ages. The number of witnessed breathing pauses and habitual snoring was significantly higher in those children with a higher prevalence of OSA.
While obesity is not a factor in the prevalence of sleep apnea, it does increase the risk of the condition in overweight or obese children. These children may not be as energetic during the day as their obese peers, and instead prefer to stay in front of the TV. This can lead to significant weight gain and obesity. In addition, doctors may recommend removing the adenoids and tonsils.
Therefore, current evidence already suggested that overweight is associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome among young children. Weight reduction is an effective treatment for the children which parents should put more attention to. Consult your doctor for sleep apnea treatment.