These are a number of building construction materials used for building a house, bridges or any construction related things, you should be aware of the lists. Following are the building construction materials used for house, bridge and other constructions.
List of Building Construction Materials :
1. ORDINARY ROLLED STEEL:
In rolled steel selection like corrugated plates, buckled plates, through plates, I-sections, H-sections, reinforcing bars, rivets this material is used. In highway bridges, H-sections are used for small columns along with heavy built-up columns. There are lots of plate girders and steel trusses which use angle sections as stiffeners. RCC bridges use reinforcing bars for the purpose of reinforcement.
2. CAST STEEL:
In portable bridges, steel castings are used.
3. ALLOY STEEL:
Rivet steel, shape steel, plate steel, eyebar steel are used in alloy steel of different classes as they are seen as tough, strong, reliable and economical when compared to ordinary and cast steel.
4. WROUGHT IRON:
This construction and building material are used for the suspenders and bangers in highway bridge construction.
5. WIRE ROPE:
In most movable spans this material is used.
Cheap fences, reinforced concrete and highway bridges railings use Wires.
Cable-stayed bridges are constructed with the help of cables.
Highway pressure bearing uses this material.
In the hilly area where highway bridge floor is present timber is used but currently its use is reduced slowly.
Piers and arches of bridges are constructed with the help of masonry work this material was used earlier. Currently, this material is replaced by concrete.
To construct the abutments and piers of culverts and other small bridges bricks are mostly used.
Coarse aggregate for concrete is done with the help of Gravel.
Concrete bridges are constructed with the help of sand.
Binding material in mortar and concrete for the construction of bridges is none other than Portland cement.
To maintain the steel and timber work of bridges this material is mostly used.
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