Alzheimer's disease is most prevalent among people aged 65 and older. However, other conditions can contribute to the development of dementia. Some of these include sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
The disease is caused by a buildup of plaques in the brain. These plaques contain amyloid proteins. During the course of the disease, the plaques may accumulate and spread, leading to cognitive decline. In some cases, they also form tangles.
Although there is no specific medication for Alzheimer's disease, patients with the condition may benefit from receiving reassurance through gentle touch and listening to relaxing music. They can also use support services such as adult day care.
Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that interrupts a person's breathing while asleep. This causes oxygen levels to drop and can cause brain cells to die. OSA increases the risk of several diseases, including dementia. Research shows that patients who suffer from untreated apnea are at greater risk of dying or having a heart attack.
Research shows that sleep apnea can have a negative effect on cognitive functions. As a result, patients who suffer from the condition have decreased concentration, verbal skills, and attention.